Today is the 240th day of the year and 125 days are remaining.
683 - Kinich Janaab Pakal, ruler of the Maya polity of Palenque for 68 years, passes away at 80 years of age.
1189 - During the Third Crusade, the Crusaders begin the Siege of Acre under Guy of Lusignan.
1349 - Nearly 6,000 Jews are killed in Mainz, Germany because they are accused of being the cause of the plague.
1609 - Henry Hudson discovers the Delaware Bay, the outlet of the Delaware River.
1619 - Ferdinand II is elected the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
1859 - A geomagnetic storm causes the Aurora Borealis to shine so brightly, that it is seen clearly over parts of the United States, Europe and even Japan.
1867 - The United States takes possession of the unoccupied Midway Atoll in the Pacific.
1898 - Caleb Bradham renames his carbonated soft drink "Pepsi-Cola."
1914 - The Royal Navy defeats the German fleet in the Battle of Heligoland Bight.
1940 - American actor, known for his stage work and as Dr. Bob Kelso on Scrubs, Ken Jenkins is born.
1943 - In Denmark, a general strike against the Nazi occupation is started.
1944 - Marsielle and Toulon in France are liberated from the German occupation.
1955 - Black teenager Emmett Till is murdered in Mississippi, galvanizing the nascent of the American Civil Rights Movement.
1957 - Strom Thurmond, begins a filibuster to prevent the Senate from voting on the Civil Rights Act of 1957; the U.S. Senator stopped speaking 24 hours and 18 minutes later, the longest filibuster ever conducted by on single Senator.
1961 - Motown releases what would be its first #1 hit, "Please Mr. Postman" by The Marvelettes.
1963 - Martin Luther King Jr., delivers his "I Have a Dream" speech in Washington, D.C.
1981 - The National Centers for Disease Control, announce a high incidence of pneumocystis and Kaposi's sarcoma. These will soon be recognized as an immune disorder, which will be called AIDS.
2003 - An electricity blackout cuts off power to around 500,000 people living in south east England and brings 60% of London's underground rail network to a halt.
2005 - Hurricane Katrina begins to make landfall in Louisiana and Mississippi in the afternoon, and brings the most severe damage to Slidell and New Orleans.