Wednesday, August 10, 2011

10th of August

It is the 222nd day of the year with only 143 days remaining.

The term "the 10th of August" as relevant to this post, is widely used by historians as a shorthand for the Storming of the Tulieries Palace on the 10th of August, 1792.  It was the effective end of the French monarchy, by the arresting of Louis XVI of France, until it is restored in 1814.

955 - Battle of Lechfeld erupts.  Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor defeats the Magyars, ending 50 years of Magyar invasion in the west.

1519 - Ferdinand Magellan's five ships set sail from Seville, Spain to circumnavigate the globe.  The Basque second in command Sebastian Elcano will complete the expedition after Magellan's death while the ships were in the Phillipines.

1776 - Word of the United States Declaration of Independence finally reaches London.  It has taken one month and six days.

1821 - Missouri is admitted at the 24th state to the United States of America.

1846 - The Smithsonian Institution is chartered by the United States Congress after James Smithson donates $500,000.

1861 - The war enters Missouri when a band of raw Confederate troops defeat Union forces in the southwestern part of the state at the Battle of Wilson's Creek.

1874 - The 31st President of the United States, Herbert Hoover is born.

1889 - Charles Darrow, the American board game creator of Monopoly is born.

1918 - Erich Loewenhardt, the third highest German flying ace with 54 victories during the First World War, is shot down a British SE-5 fighter near Chaulnes, France.  His parachute failed to open and he plummeted to his death from 12,000 feet, he was 21.

1932 - A 5.1 kilogram (11 pound) chondrite-type meteorite, breaks into at least seven pieces and lands near the town of Archie in Cass County, Missouri.

1944 - American forces defeat the last Japanese troops on Guam during the Second World War.

1949 - Harry Truman signs the National Security Act Amendment, streamlining the defense agencies of the U.S. government, and replacing the Department of War with the United States Department of Defense.

1969 - A day after the Tate household murders, members of Charles Manson's cult strike again and kill Leno and Rosemary LaBianca. 

1971 - The Society for American Baseball Research is founded in Cooperstown, New York.

1977 - In Yonkers, New York, 24-year-old postal employee David Berkowitz is arrested for a series of killings in the area over the course of one year.  He will be nicknamed the Son of Sam.

1988 - U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, providing $20,000 payments to Japanese Americans who were either interned or relocated by the United States during World War II.

1990 - The Magellan space probe reaches the planet of Venus.

1995 - Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols are indicted for the Oklahoma City bombing.  Michael Fortier pleads guilty in a plea-bargain agreement for his testimony.

2003 - Yuri Malenchenko becomes the first person to marry in space.  When he married Ekaterina Dmitrieva in Texas, while he was 240 miles over New Zealand on the International Space Station.

2007 - A member of the prestigious Tuskegee Airmen during World War II, Henry Cabot Lodge Bohler passes away at the age of 82.

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