Saturday, August 13, 2011

13th of August

Today is the 225th day of the year and 140 days are remaining until the end of the year.

1521 - Tenochtitlan, present day Mexico City, falls to conquistador Hernan Cortez.

1792 - King Louis XVI of France is formally arrested by the National Tribunal, and declared an enemy of the people.

1831 - Nat Turner sees a solar eclipse, which he believes is a sign from God.  Eight days later he and 70 other slaves kill approximately 55 whites in Southampton County, Virginia.

1889 - German Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his Navigable Balloon.

1918 - Women enlist in the United States Marine Corps for the first time.  Opha Mae Johnson is the first woman to enlist.

1918 - Bayerische Motoren Werke AG, commonly known as BMW, is established as a public company in Germany.

1926 - Cuban revolutionary and politician Fidel Castro is born.

1946 - English author and "The Father of Science Fiction," H.G. Wells passes away at the age of  79.

1949 - Bobby Clarke, Canadian professional ice hockey center, who played his 15 seasons with the Philadelphia Flyers is born. 

1960 - The Central African Republic declares independence from France.

1961 - The German Democratic Republic closes the border between the eastern and western sectors of Berlin to thwart its inhabitants attempts to escape to West Berlin.

1969 - The Apollo 11 astronauts are released from a three-week quarantine to enjoy a ticker-tape parade in New York City.  That evening, at a state dinner in Los Angeles, they are awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by U.S. President Richard Nixon.

1995 - American baseball player who played his 18-year career with the New York Yankees, Mickey Mantle dies at the age of 63.

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