It is the 241st day of the year with 124 days remaining until the end of the year.
Today is also observed as the first day of Thoth, or the first day in the Egyptian calendar.
1350 - The English naval fleet under King Edward III defeats a Castilian fleet of 40 ships during the Battle of Winchelsea.
1541 - The Ottoman Turks capture Buda, the capital of the Hungarian Kingdom.
1632 - English philosopher influential in the Enlightenment, empiricism, and social contract theory, John Locke is born.
1756 - Frederick the Great attacks Saxony, beginning the Seven Years' War.
1758 - The first American Indian Reservation is established, at Indian Mills, New Jersey.
1786 - Shays' Rebellion, an armed uprising of Massachusetts farmers, begins in response to both high debt and extreme tax burdens.
1831 - Michale Faraday discovers electromagnetic induction. The process is the production of voltage across a conductor moving through a magnetic field. Motors, generators, and transformers all follow this operation.
1833 - The United Kingdom legislates the abolition of slavery in its empire including its colonies.
1842 - The Treaty of Nanking is signed and thus ends the First Opium War.
1861 - United States Navy squadron captures forts at Hatteras Inlet, North Carolina.
1877 - Brigham Young passes away at the age of 76. He was the leader of the Latter Day Saint movement, a Western pioneer, founder of Salt Lake City, and known as Mormon Moses.
1885 - Gottlieb Daimler patents the world's first internal combustion motorcycle, the Reitwagen.
1898 - The Goodyear tire company is founded by Frank Seiberling.
1911 - Ishi, considered the last Native American to make contact with European Americans, emerges from the wilderness of northeastern California.
1931 - David T. Abercrombie dies at the age of 64. He was the original founder of the lifestyle outfitters for the elite, Abercrombie & Fitch.
1944 - The Slovak National Uprising takes place, as nearly 60,000 Slovak troops turn against the Nazis.
1946 - Adolphus Busch III, brewing magnate and president of Anheuser-Busch from 1934 to 1946, dies at the age of 55.
1949 - The Soviet Union tests its first atomic bomb, known as First Lightning at Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan.
1958 - The United States Air Force Academy opens in Colorado Springs, Colorado.
1966 - The Beatles perform their last concert at Candlestick Park in San Francisco, California.
1977 - American baseball right-handed pitcher, Roy Oswalt is born.
2005 - Hurricane Katrina devastates much of the Gulf Coast, from Louisiana to the Florida Panhandle, killing more than 1,836 people and causing over $80 billion in damages.
Ingrid Bergman - Swedish actress who starred in a variety of European and American films, was born on this day in 1915 and died on this day in 1982. She won three Academy Awards, two Emmy Awards, and a tony Award. She is ranked as the fourth greatest female star of American cinema by the American Film Institute. She is remembered most for her roles in Casablanca and Notorious.