It is the 190th day of the year, with only 175 days remaining until the new year.
1776 - George Washington ordered the Declaration of Independence to be read out loud to members of the Continental Army in New York City for the first time.
1816 - Argentina declares independence from Spain.
1850 - Millard Fillmore becomes the 13th President of the United States.
1968 - The Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution is ratified guaranteeing African-American full citizenship and all persons in the United States due process of law.
1900 - The Governor of Shanxi province in North China orders the execution of 45 foreign Christian missionaries and local church members, including children.
1918 - In Nashville, Tennessee, an inbound local train collides with an outbound express killing 101 and injuring 171 people.
1943 - Allied forces perform an amphibious invasion of Sicily known as Operation Husky.
1962 - Andy Warhol's Campbell's Soup Cans exhibition opens at the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles, California.
1979 - A car bomb destroys a Renault motor car owned by famed "Nazi hunters" Serge and Beate Klarsfeld at their home in France. A note is purportedly from ODESSA claiming responsibility.