Today is the 184th day of the year, with only 181 days remaining until the new year.
1608 - Quebec City is founded by Samuel de Champlain.
1754 - George Washington surrenders Fort Necessity to French forces.
1775 - George Washington takes command of the Continental Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts.
1852 - Congress establishes the United States' 2nd mint in San Francisco, California.
1863 - The final day of the Battle of Gettysburg, culminates with Pickett's Charge, as Confederate forces walk across open ground toward Federal lines at the Copse of Tree on Cemetery Ridge.
1884 - Dow Jones and Company publishes its first stock average.
1886 - Karl Benz officially unveils the Benz Patent Motorwagen, the first purpose-built automobile.
1886 - the New York Tribune becomes the first newspaper to use a linotype machine, eliminating typesetting by hand.
1890 - Idaho is admitted as the 43rd U.S. state.
1913 - Confederate veterans at the Great Reunion, reenact Pickett's Charge, upon reaching the high-water mark, they are met by outstretched hands of friendship from Union survivors.
1938 - President Franklin Roosevelt dedicates the Eternal Light Peace Memorial and lights the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield.
1969 - The biggest explosion in the history of rocketry occurs when the Soviet N-1 rocket explodes and subsequently destroys the launchpad.
1988 - United States Navy warship USS Vincennes shoots down iran Air Flight 655 over the Persian Gulf, killing all 290 people aboard.