It is the 187th day of the year, with only 178 days remaining.
1189 - Richard the Lionheart is crowned King of England.
1777 - After a bombardment by British artillery under General John Burgoyne, American forces retreat from Fort Ticonderoga, New York.
1785 - The dollar is unanimously chosen as the monetary unit for the United States.
1885 - Louis Pasteur successfully tests his vaccine against rabies. The patient is Joseph Meister, a boy who was bitten by a rabid dog.
1933 - The first Major League Baseball All-Star Game is played in Chicago's Comiskey Park. The American League defeats the National League, 4 to 2.
1942 - Anne Frank and her family go into hiding in the "Secret Annexe" above her father's office in an Amsterdam warehouse.
1944 - Jackie Robinson refuses to move to the back of the bus, leading to a court martial.
1947 - The AK-47 goes into production in the Soviet Union.
1957 - John Lennon and Paul McCartney are introduced to each other when Lennon's band The Quarrymen performs at the St. Peter's Church Hall fete in Woolton.