It is the 195th day of the year, with 170 days remaining.
1798 - The Sedition Act becomes law in the United States, making it a federal crime to write, publish, or utter false of malicious statements about the United States government.
1865 - the first ascent of the Matterhorn by Edward Whymper and party, four of whom die on the descent.
1911 - Harry Atwood, an exhibition pilot for the Wright Brothers lands his airplane at the South Lawn of the White House. He is later awarded a Gold medal from President Taft for his feat.
1960 - Jane Goodall arrives at the Gombe Stream Reserve in present-day Tanzania to begin her famous study of chimpanzees.
1969 - The United States $500, $1000, $5000 and $10,000 bills are officially withdrawn from circulation.
2003 - In an effort to discredit U.S. Ambassador Joseph C. Wilson, who had written an article critical of the 2003 invasion of Iraq, Washington Post columnist Robert Novak reveals that Wilson's wife Valerie Plame, is a CIA operative.
Billy the Kid - The American Old West outlaw, is shot and killed by Pat Garrett outside Fort Sumner.