Today is the 3rd day of the year, with only 362 days remaining.
The Perihelion, the point in the year when the Earth is closest to the Sun, occurs around this date.
1431 - Joan of Arc is handed over to the Bishop Pierre Cauchon.
1496 - Leonardo da Vinci unsuccessfully tests a flying machine.
1749 - Benning Wentworth issues the first of the New Hampshire Grants, leading to the establishment of Vermont.
1777 - General George Washington defeats British General Charles Cornwallis at the Battle of Princeton.
1823 - Stephen F. Austin receives a grant of land in Texas from the government of Mexico.
1861 - Delaware votes not to secede from the United States.
1870 - Construction begins on the Brooklyn Bridge.
1925 - Benito Mussolini announces he is taking dictatorial powers over Italy.
1944 - Top Ace Major Greg "Pappy" Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero.
1945 - Admiral Chester W. Nimitz is placed in command of all U.S. Naval forces in preparation for planned assaults against Iwo Jima, Okinawa, Japan.
1956 - A fire damages the top part of the Eiffel Tower.
1959 - Alaska is admitted as the 49th U.S. state.
1977 - Apple Computer is incorporated.