Today is the 18th day of the year, with 347 days remaining.
1535 - Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro founds Lima, the capital of Peru.
1778 - James Cook is the first European to discover the Hawaiian Islands, he names them the Sandwich Islands.
1871 - Wilhelm I of Germany, is proclaimed the first German Emperor in the Hall of Mirrors of the Palace of Versailles towards the end of the Franco-Prussian War. To the native Germans, the empire is known as the Second Reich.
1886 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England.
1896 - The x-ray machine is exhibited for the first time.
1903 - President Theodore Roosevelt sends a radio message to King Edward VII, the first transatlantic radio transmission.
1911 - Eugene B. Ely lands on the deck of the USS Pennsylvania stationed in San Franciso harbor, the first time an aircraft landed on a ship.
1919 - The Paris Peace Conference opens in Versailles, France.
1919 - Bentley Motors Limited is founded.
1943 - The first uprising of Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto.
1944 - The Metropolitan Opera House, hosts a jazz concert for the first time. The performers include Louis Armstrong, Benny Goodman, Lionel Hampton, Artie Shaw, Roy Eldridge, and jack Teagarden.
1944 - Soviet forces finally liberate Leningrad, effectively ending the three year siege by Nazi occupation forces.
1958 - Willie O'Ree, the first African Canadian Hockey League player, makes his National Hockey League debut.
1967 - Albert DeSalvo, known as the Boston Strangler, is convicted of numerous crimes and is sentenced to life imprisonment.
1983 - The International Olympic Committee restores Jim Thorpe's Olympic medals to his family.
1993 - Martin Luther King Jr. Day is officially observed for the first time in all fifty states.
2005 - The Airbus A380, the world's largest commercial jet, is unveiled at a ceremony in Toulouse, France.