Today is the 26th day of the year, with only 339 days remaining.
1564 - The Council of Trent issues its conclusions in the Tridentinum, establishing a distinction between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.
1837 - Michigan is admitted as the 26th state to the Union.
1861 - The state of Louisiana secedes from the Union.
1863 - General Ambrose Burnside is relieved of command of the Army of the Potomac, after the disastrous Fredericksburg Campaign. He is replaced with Joseph Hooker.
1863 - John Albion Andrew, Governor of Massachusetts, receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent.
1905 - The world's largest diamond ever, the Cullinan weighing 3,106.75 carats, is found at the Premier Mine near Pretoria in South Africa.
1907 - The Short Magazine Lee-Enfield Mk III is officially introduced into British Military Service, and remains the second oldest military rifle still in official use.
1911 - Glenn H. Curtiss flies the first successful American seaplane.
1920 - Former Ford executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company, then later sold to his former employer.
1934 - The Apollo theater reopens in Harlem, New York City.
1945 - The Red Army begins encircling the German Fourth Army near Heiligenbeil in East Prussia, which will end in destruction of the 4th Army two months later.
1960 - Danny Heater sets a worldwide high school basketball scoring record when he records 135 points Burnsville High School in West Virginia.
1998 - On American television, President Bill Clinton denies having had "sexual relations" with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky.
2001 - An earthquake hits Gujarat, India, causing more than 20,000 deaths.
2004 - A whale explodes in the town of Tainan, Taiwan. A build-up of gas in the decomposing sperm whale is suspected as the cause of the explosion.