It is the 343rd day of the year, with only 22 days remaining until the end of the year.
1851 - The first YMCA in North America is established in Montreal, Quebec.
1861 - The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by Congress.
1872 - In Louisiana, P. B. S. Pinchback becomes the first serving African-American governor of a U. S. state.
1888 - Statistician Herman Hollerith installs his computing device at the United States War Department.
1940 - British and Indian troops under the command of Major-General Richard O'Connor attack Italian forces near Sidi Barrani in Egypt. The event is codenamed Operation Compass.
1946 - The Subsequent Nuremberg Trials, begin with the Doctors' Trial, prosecuting doctors alleged to be involved in human experimentation.
1950 - Harry Gold is sentenced to 30 years in jail for helping Klaus Fuchs pass information about the Manhattan Project to the Soviet Union. His testimony is later instrumental in the prosecution of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg.
1953 - General Electric announces that all communist employees will be discharged from the company.
1961 - The trial of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Israel, ends with verdicts of guilty on 15 criminal charges, including crimes against humanity, against the Jewish people, and membership of an outlawed organization.
1965 - A fireball is seen from Michigan to Pennsylvania, witnesses report something crashing in the woods near Pittsburgh. It is known as the Kecksburg UFO incident. In 2005, NASA admits that it examined the object.
1979 - The eradication of smallpox virus is certified, making it the first and to date, the only human disease driven to extinction.
2008 - Rod Blagojevich, the Governor of Illinois, is arrested by federal officials for a number of alleged crimes including attempting to sell the United States Senate seat, being vacated by Barack Obama.