Friday, December 16, 2011

16th of December

Today is the 350th day of the year, with only 15 days remaining until the new year.

1497 - Vasco da Gama rounds the Cape of Good Hope, the point where Bartolomau Dias had previously turned back to Portugal.

1653 - Oliver Cromwell becomes the Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland.

1707 - It i the last recorded eruption of Mount Fuji in Japan.

1773 - Members of the Sons of Liberty, disguised as Mohawk Indians, dump crates of tea into Boston harbor as a protest against the Tea Act.  It will famously become known as the Boston Tea Party.

1863 - Joseph E. Johnston replaces Braxton Bragg as commander of the Army of Tennessee.

1907 - The Great White Fleet, the nickname of the United States Navy, begins its circumnavigation of the world.

1914 - German battleships under Franz von Hipper, bombard the English ports of Hartlepool and Scarborough.

1920 - The Haiyuan earthquakes, magnitude 8.5 rocks the Gansu province in China, killing an estimated 200,000 people.

1930 - Bank robber Herman Lamm and members of his crew are killed by a posse of 200, following a botched bank robbery in Clinton, Indiana.

1942 - Heinrich Himmler orders that Roma candidates for extermination be deported to Auschwitz.

1944 - The Battle of the Bulge begins with the surprise offensive of three German armies through the Ardennes forest.

1947 - William Shockley, John Bardeen, and Walter Brattain, build the first practical point-contact transistor.

1950 - President Harry Truman, declares a state of emergency, after Chinese troops enter the fight with communist North Korea during the Korean War.

1965 - General William Westmoreland sends U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara a request for 243,000 more men by the end of 1966.

1972 - Henry Kisinger announces that North Vietnam has left private peace negotiations in Paris.

1978 - Cleveland, Ohio becomes the first post-Depression era city to default on its loans, owing $14 million to local banks.

1985 - In New York City, Paul Castellano and Thomas Bilotti, are shot dead on the order of John Gotti, who assumes leadership of the Gambino family.

1997 - Strangely enough, an episode of Pokemon, entitled Denno Senshi Porygon, airs in Japan inducing seizures in 685 Japanese children.

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