It is the 348th day of the year, with only 17 days remaining until the new year.
1287 - The Zuider Zee sea wall in the Netherlands collapses, known as St. Lucia's flood, kills over 50,000 people.
1542 - Princess Mary Stuart, become Mary, Queen of Scots.
1819 - Alabama becomes the 22nd state admitted to the Union.
1903 - The Wright brothers make their first attempt to fly at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
1911 - Roald Amundsen's team, comprising himself, Olav Bjaaland, Helmber Hanssen, Sverre Hassel, and Oscar Wisting, become the first to reach the South Pole.
1947 - The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing, NASCAR, is founded in Daytona Beach, Florida.
1962 - NASA's Mariner 2, becomes the first spacecraft to fly by Venus.
2006 - American spy satellite USA-193 is launched. Its mission is still classified.
2008 - President George W. Bush makes his fourth and final trip to Iraq as president, and is almost struck by two shoes thrown at him by Iraqi journalist Muntadhar al-Zaidi during a news conference in Baghdad.