Saturday, June 23, 2012

23rd of June

Today is the 174th day of the year, with only 191 days remaining.

1683 - William Penn signs a friendship treaty with the Leni Lenape Indians in Pennsylvania.

1757 - 3,000 British troops under Robert Clive defeat a 50,000 strong Indian army under Siraj Ud Daulah at the Battle of Plassey.

1810 - John Jacob Astor forms the Pacific Fur Company.

1865 - At Fort Towson, in the Oklahoma Territory, Confederate Brigadier General Stand Watie surrenders the last significant rebel army.

1894 - The International Olympic Committee is founded at the Sorbonne in Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin.

1914 - Pancho Villa takes Zacatecas from Victoriano Huerta in the Mexican Revolution.

1917 - In a game against the Washington Senators, Boston Red Sox pitcher Ernie Shore retires 26 batters in a row after replacing Babe Ruth, who had been ejected for punching the umpire.

1926 - The College Board administers the first SAT exam.

1942 - The first selections of gas chamber victims are made at Auschwitz.  Sadly, the take place on a train full of Jews from Paris.

1942 - Germany's latest fighter, the Focke-Wulf Fw 190, is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales.

1959 - Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany where he resumes a scientific career.

1972 - President Richard Nixon and White House Chief of Staff H.R. Haldeman, are taped talking about using the Central Intelligence Agency to obstruct the Federal Bureau of Investigation's investigation into the Watergate break-ins.

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