It is the 163rd day of the year, with only 202 days remaining until the end of the year.
1665 - England installs a municipal government in New York City, the former Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam.
1775 - British General Thomas Gage declares martial law in Massachusetts. The British offer a pardon to all colonists who lay down their arms. Samuel Adams and John Hancock, if captured, were to be hanged.
1939 - The Baseball Hall of Fame opens in Cooperstown, New York.
1942 - Anne Frank receives a diary for her thirteenth birthday.
1978 - David Berkowitz, the Son of Sam in New York City, is sentenced to 365 years in prison for six killings.
1987 - At the Brandenburg Gate, President Ronald Reagan publicly challenges Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall.
1994 - Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman are murdered outside her home in Los Angeles, California. O.J. Simpson is later acquitted of the killings, but is held liable in wrongful death civil suit.