It is the 173rd day of the year, with only 192 days remaining.
1633 - The Holy Office in Rome, forces Galileo Galilei to recant his view that the Sun, not the Earth, is the center of the Universe.
1941 - Germany invades the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa.
1942 - Erwin Rommel is promoted to Field Marshal after the capture of Tobruk.
1944 - President Franklin Roosevelt signs into law the Servicemen's Readjustment Act, commonly known as the G.I. Bill.
1969 - The Cuyahoga River catches fire, triggering a crack-down on pollution in the river.
1990 - The famous Checkpoint Charlie is dismantled in Berlin.