It is the 44th day of the year, with only 321 days remaining.
1542 - Catherine Howard, the fifth wife of Henry VIII of England, is executed for adultery.
1633 - Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome for his trail before the Inquisition.
1894 - Auguste and Louis Lumiere, patent the Cinematographe, a combination movie camera and projector.
1914 - In New York City, the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers is established to protect the copyrighted musical compositions of its members.
1935 - A jury in Flemington, New Jersey finds Bruno Hauptmann guilty of the kidnapping and murder of the Lindbergh baby.
1945 - Royal Air Force bombers are dispatched to Dresden, Germany to attack the city with a massive aerial bombardment.
1954 - Frank Selvy becomes the only NCAA Division I basketball player ever to score 100 points in a single game.
1955 - Israel obtains 4 of the 7 Dead Sea scrolls.
1967 - American researchers discover the Madrid Codices by Leonardo da Vinci in the National Library of Spain.
1970 - Black Sabbath, arguably the very first heavy metal album, is released.
1971 - Backed by American air and artillery support, South Vietnamese troops invade Laos.
2000 - The last original "Peanuts" comic strip appears in newspaper one day after Charles M. Schulz dies.