It is the 41st day of the year, with 324 days remaining until the end of the year.
1863 - The fire extinguisher is patented.
1870 - The YWCA is founded in New York City.
1933 - The New York City-based Postal Telegraph Company introduces the first singing telegram.
1943 - Attempting to completely lift the Siege of Leningrad, the Soviet Red Army engages German troops and Spanish volunteers in the Battle of Krasny Bor.
1954 - President Dwight D. Eisenhower warns against United States intervention in Vietnam.
1962 - Captured American U-2 spy-plane pilot Gary Powers is exchanged for captured Soviet spy Rudolf Abel.
1967 - The 25th Amendment to the Constitution is ratified.
1996 - The IBM supercomputer Deep Blue, defeats Garry Kasparov, at chess for the first time.